year 9, Issue 5 (Summer 2020 2020)                   frooyesh 2020, 9(5): 127-134 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Zeinali S, Rezazadeh R. The efficacy of sand therapy on hyperactivity and attention deficit in children. frooyesh. 2020; 9 (5) :127-134
1- Assistant professor of psychology, department of psychology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran. ,
2- MA of clinical psychology, Islamic Azad University of Ahar, Ahar, Iran
Abstract:   (157 Views)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of sand therapy on hyperactivity and attention deficit in children with ADHD in Tabriz city. This was a pretest-posttest controlled semi-experimental study. A convenience sample of 30 children with ADHD was recruited from psychotherapy centers of Tabriz, in 2018 and randomly allocated to the experimental (15) and the control groups (15). Subjects in the experimental group received sand therapy in six, 30-minutes sessions, and subjects in the control group received no treatment. Subjects in experiment and control groups were assessed with a parental form of Child Symptom Inventory (CSI-4) in pretest and posttest. The data were analyzed via the SPSS software (v. 16.0) and by conducting the multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA). Results showed that there were significant differences between scores in pretest and post-test in the experimental group (p<0.001), attention deficit and hyperactive symptoms reduced after sand therapy in the experiment group. Sand therapy is recommended for correcting child behavior and cognitive problems in ADHD.
Full-Text [PDF 665 kb]   (11 Downloads)    
Type of Article: Applicable | Subject: Developmental Psychology
Received: 2019/07/30 | Revised: 2020/08/22 | Accepted: 2019/11/16 | ePublished: 2020/07/31

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Rooyesh-e- Ravanshenasi Journal(RRJ)

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb